The Kantian Real is the noumenal Thing beyond phenomena. – SLAVOJ ZIZEK

The Hegelian Real is the gap itself between the phenomenal and the noumenal, the gap which sustains freedom. – SLAVOJ ZIZEK

(source: “Deleuze As Hegelian”)


The sacrificial gesture does not aim at some exchange with the Other to whom we sacrifice: its more basic aim is, rather, to ascertain that there is some Other out there who is able to (or not) to our sacrificial entreaties. Even if the Other does not grant my wish, I can at least be sure that there is an Other who next time, maybe, will respond differently: the world out there, inclusive of all the catastrophes that may befall me, is not a blind meaningless automaton, but a partner in a possible dialogue, so that even a catastrophic outcome is to be read as a meaningful response, not as a realm of blind chance. Did Somebody Say Totalitarianism – SLAVOJ ZIZEK

“It is not that ..we repress some traumatic content, and then this content continues to haunt us, repeating itself in disguised forms. ..Repression emerges with the “reification” of the Real into a Thing that resists symbolization. – Then the repressed Real repeats itself.” – Slavoj Zizek, Less Than Nothing

“a psychotic ..lacks ..the unconscious background which gives the words we use their libidinal resonance, their specific subjective weight and color.” – Without this background, psychoanalytic interpretation is powerless, inoperative