“..The interpassive subject does not perform ..for an actual audience, but solely for an ideal audience.” – Robert Pfaller


“interpassive subjects are ..fleeing from their enjoyment. They even avoid it ..where ..experiencing it would be easy.” – Owners of recording devices, for example, watch less television once they have the recorder than they did when they owned only the television set.


“The interpassive subject does not personally believe that he ..has read via the copy machine; this belief is transferred to the scene’s virtual audience. Delegated enjoyment ..entails feigning enjoyment for an observing agency with the help of a consumption medium” – Robert Pfaller on copying so many pages in a library which one will never read, which one nonetheless interpassively enjoys, in the sense of the copymachine reading them for us

the externalization of enjoyment also fixes the subject. Whereas the preceding section emphasized enjoyment as the place of the subject, this section construes enjoyment as the displaced of the subject. The fact of the displacement of enjoyment, in other words, introduces a second way to understand the subject’s fixity. It attends to the libidinal economy, the arrangement of enjoyment, conditioning the subject’s activity. How does one enjoy through another? A first example might be Santa Claus. I go through elaborate efforts at Christmas to ensure that my children are thrilled and delighted. I enjoy Christmas through their delight-their enjoyment. At the same time, if I think about it, I can also recall a particular kind of agony I experienced as a child. I did not want to let my parents down. I did not want them to think that they had disappointed me, that I was not completely ecstatic every minute of Christmas day. I had to hide the little let down that occurs when the packages are all opened and it is time to clean up. Yet now as an adult, I find myself repeating the same pattern. Christmas seems to focus on the children, but this very focus involves my enjoying through them. I am now relieved of the burden of enjoyment; I do not have to enjoy for my parents anymore. Now, my children enjoy in my stead.

- Jodi Dean. ‘Zizek’s Politics’

They enjoy so that I do not have to. This

- Jodi Dean. ‘Zizek’s Politics’

“the open display of the passive attitude of ‘enjoying it’ somehow deprives the subject of his dignity. ” I do not want to be caught again in the child’s place of mindless, unself-conscious absorption in wanting to know what is hidden behind the wrapping paper, opening packages, and confronting the actuality of their contents. Ripping through the ribbons and bows seems somehow savage, excessive, and materialistic. What if my desire is exposed-my lack, the fact that no possible content will fill it, will be it? That vulnerability is more than I can bear. – JODI DEAN

“The more politicians were corrupt, the more they needed us as the Other, as the naive believer. They needed an Other: “We are corrupt but at least you believe.” They needed the Other, the one who sincerely believes.” – Zizek in “Slavoj Žižek: Philosopher, Cultural Critic, and Cyber-Communist”, an interview by Gary A. Olson and Lynn Worsham, JAC, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Spring 2001), p.270