“In melancholia the ego … identifies with the abandoned object. ..The incorporation of the lost object becomes ..a preservation of the loss but also an idealization of loss in the form of an ego-ideal.” – SUZETTE MIN http://ift.tt/1QJca9R

“The superego is the idea of ourselves, in the sense of a self which we know we are not, but we think we should represent it to the social sphere.” – We are humiliated when it becomes apparent to others that we are not that which we try to represent. This experience of humiliation takes place even when no others are there as witnesses of our actions, because others are always present in our behaviour in form of the gaze. The gaze is the presence of others regardless of the actual presence of anyone. – ANDRE VANTINO

“When we neurotically feel aversions to take up social roles we display a scepticism towards the uprightness of symbolic mandates or jobs.” – We are troubled by the idea of taking up the role of being a public persona, because in modernity we can sense how any such big Otherly persona only works into the hands of the obscene underside of the workings of a society run by masks. Zizek thus writes, ‘Modernity involves ..the inability of subjects to assume symbolic mandates. What prevents them ..is the ..perception of a ‘stain of enjoyment’ in the big Other,’ the Law as infested with an obscene superego underside.


The Law was smeared, stigmatized, by enjoyment at the very moment of its emergence as the neutral- universal formal law. The very emergence of a pure neutral Law, free of its concrete ‘organic’ life-world support, gives birth to the obscene superego underside, since this very life-world support, once opposed to the pure Law, is all of a sudden perceived as obscene.